Test your knowledge of sun-related illnesses.
True or false? (See answers below)
You do not need to use sunscreen if you will be staying in a shaded area.
FALSE: Ultraviolet rays will still reach you. Also, there is strong evidence that more UV rays are filtering through because of the depletion of the earth’s ozone layer.
You will get sunburned faster if you are in the water.
TRUE: Water reflects sunlight, so you will get added exposure to your head, shoulders and any other areas that remain uncovered while you are swimming.
Disease-causing bacteria grow more rapidly on lukewarm food than cold - and can more readily result in food poisoning.
TRUE: The bacteria that cause food poisoning thrive in temperatures between 40 degrees and 140 degrees. Prepared foods are safe in that zone for about two hours. The same foods are considered safe only for one hour if the temperature rises above 90 degrees.
Sun exposure is considered the single greatest risk for developing skin cancer.
TRUE: About 1 million Americans are diagnosed with skin cancer each year and the increasing trend is blamed on exposure to solar rays.
Skin cancer affects only light-skinned people.
FALSE: Although skin cancer is more common among light-skinned persons, it is not unheard of in people who have dark complexions.
The sun's strongest rays occur between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
TRUE: Stay inside and keep young children out the sun as much as possible during these times.
If you are in good health and your doctor has not restricted how much fluid you should have, you should drink at least 16 to 32 ounces of water an hour to adequately replace fluids when working in a hot environment.
TRUE: Your body sweats to cool itself. The only way to replace those lost fluids is to drink more water.
Certain over-the-counter and prescription medications can increase your sensitivity to the sun.
TRUE: Even short exposure to the sun can result in burning if combined with certain medications. These include some antibiotics, such as tetracycline; certain diuretics; and some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, naproxen and ketoprofen.